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        【干貨】熱處理行業常用詞中英文對照(趕緊收藏)

        時間:2019-05-06 17:38:03 來源:遠拓機電

        目前我國的金屬熱處理行業處于發展階段,為了更好的提高金屬熱處理設備技術工藝,不斷的學習新技術、新工藝,但是國外先進的熱處理行業技術工藝我們不一定看的懂。為了促進國內熱處理行業的發展,遠拓機電廠為您整理的熱處理行業常用詞中英文對照,希望能夠幫到您。
         
        奧氏體austenite
         
        奧氏體本質晶粒度austenite inhorent grain size
         
        奧氏體化austenitization, austenitii zing
         
        B
         
        白口鑄鐵white cast iron
         
        白銅white brass, copper-nickel alloy
         
        板條馬氏體lath martensite
         
        棒材bar
         
        包晶反應peritectic reaction
         
        薄板thin sheet
         
        薄膜技術thin film technique
         
        貝氏體bainite
         
        本質晶粒度inherent grain size
         
        比強度strength-to-weight ratic
         
        變質處理inoculation, modification
         
        變質劑modifying agent,modificator
         
        表面處理surface treatment
         
        表面粗糙度surface roughness
         
        表面淬火surface quenching
         
        表面腐蝕surface corrosion
         
        表面硬化surface hardening
         
        玻璃glass
         
        玻璃態vitreous state, glass state
         
        玻璃鋼glass fiber reinforced plastics
         
        玻璃纖維glass fiber
         
        不可熱處理的non-heat-treatable
         
        不銹鋼stainless steel
         
        布氏硬度Brinell hardness
         
        C
         
        材料強度strength ofmaterial
         
        殘余奧氏體residual austenite
         
        殘余變形residual deformation
         
        殘余應力residual stress
         
        層狀珠光體lamellar pearlite
         
        超導金屬superconducting metal
         
        成核nucleate, nucleation
         
        成形forming, shaping
         
        成長growth, growing
         
        磁材料magnetic materials
         
        沖擊韌性impact toughness
         
        純鐵pure iron
         
        粗晶粒coarse grain
         
        脆性brittleness
         
        脆性斷裂brittle fracture
         
        淬火quenching, quench
         
        淬透性hardenability
         
        淬硬性hardenability
         
        D
         
        帶材baud, strip
         
        單晶single crystal, unit crystal
         
        單體monomer, element
         
        氮化層nitration case
         
        氮化物nitride
         
        刀具cutting tool
         
        導磁性magnetic conductivity
         
        導電性electric conductivity
         
        導熱性heat conductivity, thermal conductivity
         
        導體conductor
         
        等離子堆焊plasma surfacing
         
        等離子弧噴涂plasma spraying
         
        等離子增強化學氣相沉積Plasma chemical vapour deposition (PCVD)
         
        等溫轉變曲線isothermal transformation curve
         
        低合金鋼low alloy steel
         
        低碳鋼low carbon steel
         
        低碳馬氏體low carbon?martensite
         
        低溫回火low tempering
         
        點陣常數grating constant, lattice constant
         
        電鍍electroplating, galvanize
         
        電弧噴涂electric arc spraying
         
        電子顯微鏡electron microscope
         
        定向結晶directional solidification S
         
        端淬試驗end quenching test
         
        斷口分析fracture analysis
         
        斷裂強度breaking strength, fracture strength
         
        斷裂韌性fracture toughness
         
        斷面收縮率contraction of cross sectional area,
         
        鍛造forge, forging, smithing
         
        多晶體polycrystal
         
        E
         
        二次硬化secondaryhardening
         
        二元合金binary alloy, two-component alloy
         
        F
         
        防銹的rust-proot, rust resistant
         
        非金屬non-metal, nonmetal
         
        非晶態amorphous stats
         
        分子鍵molecular bond
         
        分子結構molecular structure
         
        分子量molecular weight
         
        酚醛樹脂bakelite, phenolic resin
         
        粉末治金powder metallurgy
         
        粉末復合材料particulate composite
         
        腐蝕corrosion, corrode, etch, etching
         
        腐蝕劑corrodent, corrosive, etchant
         
        復合材料composite material
         
        G
         
        感應淬火inductionquenching
         
        剛度rigidity, stiffness
         
        鋼steel
         
        鋼板steel plate
         
        鋼棒steel bar
         
        鋼錠steel ingot
         
        鋼管steel tube, steel pipe
         
        鋼絲steel wire
         
        鋼球steel ball
         
        杠桿定理lever rule, lever principle
         
        高分子聚合物high polymer, superpolymer
         
        高合金鋼high alloy steel
         
        高錳鋼high manganess steel
         
        高頻淬火high frequency quenching
         
        高速鋼high speed steel ,quick-cutting steel
         
        高碳鋼high-carbon steel
         
        高碳馬氏體high carbon martensite
         
        高彈態elastomer
         
        高溫回火high tempering
         
        各向同性isotropy
         
        各向異性anisotropy, anisotropism
         
        工程材料engineering material
         
        工具鋼tool steel
         
        工業純鐵industrial pure iron
         
        工藝technology
         
        共價鍵covalent bond
         
        共晶體eutectic
         
        共晶反應eutectic reaction
         
        共析體eutectoid
         
        共析鋼eatectoid steel
         
        功能材料functional materials
         
        固溶處理solid solution treatment
         
        固溶強化solution strengthening
         
        固溶體solid solution
         
        固相solid phase
         
        光亮熱處理bright heat treatment
         
        滾珠軸承鋼ball bearing steel
         
        過飽和固溶體supersaturated solid solution
         
        過共晶合金hypereutectic alloy
         
        過共析鋼hypereutectoid steel
         
        過冷over-cooling, supercooling
         
        過冷奧氏體supercooled austenite
         
        過冷度degree of supercooling
         
        過熱overheat, superheat
         
        H
         
        焊接welding, weld
         
        航空材料aerial material
         
        合成纖維synthetic fiber
         
        合金鋼alloy steel
         
        合金化alloying
         
        合金結構鋼structural alloy steel
         
        黑色金屬ferrous metal
         
        紅硬性red hardness
         
        滑移slip, glide
         
        滑移方向glide direction, slip direction
         
        滑移面glide plane, slip plane
         
        滑移系slip system
         
        化合物compound
         
        化學氣相沉積chemical vapour eposition (CVD)
         
        化學熱處理chemical heat treatment
         
        J
         
        基體matrix
         
        機械混合物mechanical mixture
         
        機械性能mechanical property
         
        激光熱處理heat treatment with a laser beam
         
        激光laser
         
        激光熔凝laser melting and consolidation
         
        激光表面硬化surface hardening by laser beam
         
        加工硬化work hardening
         
        加熱heating
         
        膠粘劑adhesive
         
        結構材料structural material
         
        結晶crystallize, crystallization
         
        結晶度crystallinity
         
        金屬材料metal material
         
        金屬化合物metallic compound
         
        金屬鍵metallic bond
         
        金屬組織metal structure
         
        金屬結構metallic framework
         
        金屬塑料復合材料plastimets
         
        金屬塑性加工metal plastic?working
         
        金屬陶瓷metal ceramic
         
        金相顯微鏡metallographic microscope, metalloscope
         
        金相照片metallograph
         
        晶胞cell
         
        晶格crystal lattice
         
        晶格常數lattice constant
         
        晶格空位lattice vacancy
         
        晶粒crystal grain
         
        晶粒度grain size
         
        晶粒細化grain refining
         
        晶體結構crystal structure
         
        聚四氟乙烯polytetrafluoroethy lene (PTFE)
         
        聚合度degree of polymerization
         
        聚合反應polymerization
         
        絕熱材料heat-insulating material
         
        絕緣材料insulating material
         
        K
         
        抗拉強度tensile strength
         
        抗壓強度compression strength
         
        顆粒復合材料particle composite
         
        擴散diffusion, diffuse
         
        L
         
        老化aging
         
        萊氏體ledeburite
         
        冷變形cold deformation
         
        冷加工cold work, cold working
         
        冷卻cool, cooling
         
        冷作硬化cold hardening
         
        離子ion
         
        粒狀珠光體granular pearlite
         
        連續轉變曲線continuous cooling transformation(CCT) curve
         
        孿晶twin crystal
         
        孿生twinning, twin
         
        螺旋位錯helical dislocation
         
        洛氏硬度Rockwell hardness
         
        M
         
        馬氏體martensite (M)
         
        密排六方晶格close-packed xagonal lattice (C.P.H.)
         
        面心立方晶格face-centred cubic lattice (F.C.C.)
         
        摩擦friction
         
        磨損wear, abrade, abrasion
         
        模具鋼die steel
         
        Mf 點martensite finishing point
         
        Ms點martensite starting point
         
        N
         
        納米材料nanostructuredmaterials
         
        耐磨鋼wear-resisting steel
         
        耐磨性wearability, wear resistance
         
        耐熱鋼heat resistant steel , high temperature steel
         
        內耗internal friction
         
        內應力internal stress
         
        尼龍nylon
         
        粘彈性viscoelasticity
         
        凝固solidify, solidification
         
        扭轉強度torsional strength
         
        扭轉疲勞強度torsional fatigue strength
         
        P
         
        泡沫塑料foamplastics, expanded plastics
         
        配位數coordination number
         
        噴丸硬化shot-peening
         
        疲勞強度fatigue strength
         
        疲勞壽命fatigue life
         
        片狀馬氏體lamellar martensite, plate type martensite
         
        普通碳鋼ordinary steel, plain carbon steel
         
        Q
         
        氣體滲碳gas carburizing
         
        切變shear
         
        切削cut, cutting
         
        切應力shearing stress
         
        球化退火spheroidizing annealing
         
        球墨鑄鐵nodular graphite cast iron, spheroidal graphitecast iron
         
        球狀珠光體globular pearlite
         
        屈服強度yielding strength, yield strength
         
        屈強比yielding-to-tensile ratio
         
        屈氏體troolstite (T)
         
        去應力退火relief annealing
         
        R
         
        熱處理heat treatment
         
        熱加工hot work, hot working
         
        熱噴涂thermal spraying
         
        熱固性thermosetting
         
        熱塑性hot plasticity
         
        熱硬性 thermohardening
         
        柔順性flexibility
         
        人工時效artificial ageing
         
        刃具cutting tool
         
        刃型位錯edge dislacation, blade dislocation
         
        韌性toughness
         
        溶質solute
         
        溶劑solvent
         
        蠕變creep
         
        蠕墨鑄鐵quasiflake graphite cast iron
         
        軟氮化soft nitriding
         
        S
         
        掃描電鏡scanning electronmicroscope (SEM)
         
        上貝氏體upper bainite
         
        滲氮nitriding
         
        滲硫sulfurizing
         
        滲碳carburizing, carburization
         
        滲碳體cementite (Cm)
         
        失效failure
         
        石墨graphite (G)
         
        時間-溫度轉變曲線time temperaturetransformation (TTT) curve
         
        時效硬化age-hardening
         
        實際晶粒度actual grain size
         
        使用壽命service life
         
        使用性能usability
         
        樹枝狀晶dendrite
         
        樹脂resin
         
        雙金屬bimetal, duplex metal
         
        水淬water quenching, water hardening, water quench
         
        松弛relax , relaxation
         
        塑料plastics
         
        塑性plasticity, ductility
         
        塑性變形plastic deformation
         
        索氏體sorbite (S)
         
        T
         
        彈簧鋼spring steel
         
        彈性elasticity, spring
         
        彈性變形elastic deformation
         
        彈性極限elastic limit
         
        彈性模量elastic modulus
         
        碳素鋼carbon steel
         
        碳含量carbon content
         
        碳化物carbide
         
        碳素工具鋼carbon tool steel
         
        陶瓷ceramic
         
        陶瓷材料ceramic material
         
        體心立方晶格body-centered cubic lattice (B.C. C.)
         
        體型聚合物three-dimensional polymer
         
        調質處理quenching and tempering
         
        調質鋼quenched and tempered steel
         
        鐵碳平衡圖iron-carbon equilibrium diagram
         
        透明(結晶)陶瓷crystalline ceramics
         
        同素異構轉變allotropic transformation
         
        涂層coat, coating
         
        退火anneal, annealing
         
        托氏體troostite (T)
         
        W
         
        彎曲bend, bending
         
        完全退火full annealing
         
        微觀組織microstructure
         
        維氏硬度Vickers hardness
         
        未經變質處理的uninoculated
         
        溫度temperature
         
        無定形的amorphous
         
        物理氣相沉積physical vapour deposition (PVD)
         
        X
         
        下貝氏體lower bainite
         
        線型聚合物linear polymer
         
        纖維fibre, fiber
         
        纖維增強復合材料filament reinforced composite
         
        顯微照片metallograph,microphotograph, micrograph
         
        顯微組織microscopic structure, microstructure
         
        橡膠rubber
         
        相phase
         
        相變phase transition
         
        相圖phase diagram
         
        消除應力退火stress relief annealing
         
        形狀記憶合金Shape memory alloys
         
        形變deformation
         
        性能performance, property
         
        X射線結構分析X-ray structural analysis
         
        Y
         
        壓力加工press work
         
        亞共晶鑄鐵hypoeutectic cast iron
         
        亞共析鋼hypoeutectoid steel
         
        氧化物陶瓷oxide ceramics
         
        延伸率elongation percentage
         
        鹽溶淬火salt both quenching
         
        液相liquid phase
         
        應變strain
         
        應力stress
         
        應力場強度因子stress intensity factror
         
        應力松弛relaxation of stress
         
        硬質合金carbide alloy, hard alloy
         
        油淬oil quenching, oil hardening
         
        有機玻璃methyl-methacrylate, plexiglass
         
        有色金屬nonferrous metal
         
        勻晶uniform grain
         
        孕育處理inoculation, modification
         
        Z
         
        再結晶退火recrystallization annealing
         
        載荷load
         
        增強塑料reinforced plastics
         
        針狀馬氏體acicular martensite
         
        正火normalize, normalization
         
        致密度tightness
         
        支化型聚合物branched polymer
         
        智能材料intelligent materials
         
        中合金鋼medium alloy steel
         
        軸承鋼bearing steel
         
        軸承合金bearing alloy
         
        珠光體pearlite (P)
         
        柱狀晶體columnar crystal
         
        鑄造cast , foundry
         
        自然時效natural ageing
         
        自由能free energy
         
        組元component, constituent
         
        組織structure
         
        α鈦合金 αtitanium alloy

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